انگیزه خواندن و ارتباط آن با توانایی درک مفاهیم در بین دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی ایرانی در رشته های مختلف

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران.

2 گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه مازندران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، ارتقاء توانایی خواندن زبان آموزان در ایران است. چون کاهش انگیزه خواندن به طور معمول در بین اکثر دانشجوهای ایران مشاهده می شود، دلیلی برای نگرانی جدی زبان آموزان ایرانی به حساب می‌آید. بنابراین، 285 دانشجو از شش رشته تحصیلی، علوم اجتماعی، ریاضیات، آموزش ابتدایی، شیمی، زیست شناسی و ادبیات فارسی در این مطالعه شرکت کردند. پاسخ شرکت کنندگان به سوالات پرسشناه انگیزه خواندن ، سوالات درک مطلب و سوالات توانش زبانی از طریق آزمون کروسکال-والیس ، آزمون تی مستقل ، تحلیل واریانس وضریب همبستگس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. یافته ها حاکی از آن است که زبان آموزان با انگیزه بالاتر نسبت به سایر زبان آموزان با انگیزه پایین ، در درک مطلب بهتر عمل می کنند. همچنین نشان داده شد که رشته شرکت کنندگان از عوامل مؤثر در رابطه بین انگیزه خواندن و توانایی درک خواندن است. یافته ها همچنین نشان دادند که هرچه سطح مهارت زبانی دانشجویان بالاتر باشد ، سطح انگیزه خواندن آنها نیز بیشتر است.

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